Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCD is characterised by:
Many people with OCD experience both obsessions and compulsions, whilst others have only one or the other. Obsessions are not merely worries about everyday concerns, and compulsions are not simply habits. The symptoms of OCD are often upsetting or embarrassing to the individual and can lead to significant avoidance of situations which trigger their OCD thoughts or behaviours. The repeated behaviours or rituals are generally carried out to reduce anxiety, or with the idea that it will prevent a feared situation, however, the temporary relief provided by these behaviours and the individual’s reliance on them to manage anxiety is actually part of the OCD cycle. As the worrying thought returns, anxiety or distress increases, and the individual feels the urge to repeat the OCD behaviour to experience the same relief. This doesn’t provide a long term solution; however, and the cycle repeats itself.
Common compulsive thoughts include:
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